Monday, December 9, 2013

Ogni quanto? Quante volte?






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~the simple present tense & expressions of frequency~

As with English, the Italian simple present tense is often used to express repeat or habitual actions— what is generally or normally done.

Mangio la colazione.
I eat breakfast.

Non bevo il latte.
I don't drink milk. 

Often times, expressions of frequency are also used in these types of sentences:



Mangio la colazione ogni giorno.
I eat breakfast everyday.

Non bevo mai il latte.
I never drink milk. 

As the name suggests, these expressions not only tell you when but also how often.  They answer the following questions:


Ogni quanto? (How often?), Quante volte? (How many times?) by ab for didattichiamo.blogspot.com



New to the present tense? Need to review conjugation and negation? You may want to start with… 

UPDATE: links redirect to the same posts on the new site, VIA OPTIMAE
  (1) How Italian verbs work(Intro to verbs & grammar terms)
  (2) Italian present tense: -ARE verbs
  (3) Italian present tense: -ERE verbs
  (4) Italian present tense: -IRE verbs
  (5) La negazione - Negation



In practicing and using the simple present tense, you'll find you frequently need an expression of frequency… so let's go over some of the most common ones, and see how they fit into sentences:


ogni…
           (every…)

...giorno, settimana, mese, anno
(day, week, month, year)



Mangio la colazione ogni giorno.
I eat breakfast every day.



If you want to say a specific day, you can say it in one of three ways:



Mangiamo la lasagna ogni domenica.
We eat lasagna every Sunday.


-or-


Non mangiamo la carne il venerdì.
We do not eat meat on Fridays.

Mangiamo la lasagna la domenica.
We eat lasagna on Sundays.



Sunday is feminine: "la domenica"; all the other days of the week are masculine and take  "il"


-or-


tutti i (day of week) or tutte le domeniche by ab for didattichiamo.blogspot.com

Mangiamo fuori casa tutti i venerdì.
We eat out every Friday.


Mangiamo la lasagna tutte le domeniche.
We eat lasagna every Sunday.







una volta, due volte… 
(once, twice...)

...al giorno, alla settimana, al mese, all'anno
(a day, a week, a month, a year)



Mangio il gelato due volte alla settimana.
I eat ice cream two times a week.



Paghiamo le tasse una volta all'anno.
We pay taxes once a year.






Avverbi (adverbs)


 sempre<--->mai
always <---> never

Many actions fall somewhere on this continuum of frequency:

 
sempre, quasi sempre, spesso, di solito, a volte, quasi mai, mai: continuum of frequency by ab for didattichiamo.blogspot.com
[This is a non-exhaustive list- there are other adverbs of frequency: normalmente (normally); ogni tanto (every once in awhile); raramente (rarely) etc. but the above continuum is a good place to start!]

sempre
always


Mangio sempre la colazione.
I always eat breakfast.




Notice how the adverb "sempre" is after the verb "mangio"?  That is the standard position for adverbs in an Italian sentence… another option is at the start of the sentence — but this depends a bit on the adverb itself and the emphasis.  

Sempre mangio la colazione.
I always eat breakfast.







quasi sempre
almost always


Mangi quasi sempre la stessa cosa.
You almost always eat the the same thing.









spesso
often


Lei mangia spesso lo yogurt.
She often eats yogurt.








di solito
usually


-Cosa mangiate di solito?
What do you all usually eat?
-Di solito, mangiamo il pesce.
Usually, we eat fish.



By nature, the question puts emphasis on the adverb, so it sounds natural to respond with the adverb at the beginning...








a volte
sometimes


A volte, mangiano fuori.
Sometimes, they eat out.



"A volte" as an adverb is often found at the beginning of the sentence.







quasi mai
almost never


Non mangio quasi mai il riso.
I almost never eat rice.



Remember, as discussed in La negazione - Negation Italian requires double negatives!  So if the adverb is negative, like "quasi mai" or "mai", you must also use the negating word "non" before the verb.  







mai
never


Non mangi mai l'insalata.
You never eat salad.







Hai capito? (Did you understand?)  

Try this free PDF worksheet with a quick summary of this lesson as well as practice exercises: UPDATE: new worksheet can be accessed from this post on the new site, VIA OPTIMAE (worksheet link redirects there)
Preview of Ogni quanto? Quante volte? Simple Present Tense & Expressions of Frequency Worksheet by ab for didattichiamo.blogspot.com
Ogni quanto? Quante volte?: 
The Simple Present Tense & Expressions of Frequency Worksheet 
(free PDF available on Google drive UPDATE: link redirects you this post on the new site, where the new worksheet can be accessed)


As always, you can submit your answers to didattichiamo(@gmail.com) UPDATE: viaoptimae{@gmail.com} for free corrections!


Happy Studying!


-Alex





See also: